Anthony Worley

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I have spent a lot of time in courthouses and on the web to compile the records found here. I would love your comments, additions or corrections. I will be sure to give you credit for your work.

Anthony Worley made his first appearance in the public record in March 1752 during the trial of Martin and Jacob Kitzmiller concerning the murder of Dudley Digges, son of John Digges of Maryland.  John Digges had obtained a land patent from Lord Baltimore, receiving over 10,000 acres in Maryland in 1727. Some of this tract fell north of the temporary line set out in 1732 which was agreed to by Baltimore and the Penns in an attempt to stem the number of border disputes between settlers of Pennsylvania and Maryland, many of which, like the following, turned violent.

Martin Kitzmiller purchased land near John Digges original patent in 1732. He built a house and a mill on this land the following year and paid his taxes to Pennsylvania, receiving a warrant for the land from that government in 1747. According to testimony given during the trial, in February 1752, John Digges persuaded Anthony Worley, a cordwainer [shoemaker] “of the township of Heidleberg, in the county of York, in the province of Pennsylvania”  to accompany his two sons, Dudley and Henry Digges, along with four other men to the home of Kitzmiller. John Wilmott, one of the other four and the only one that those supplying testimony called ‘a stranger’,  pretended to be a sheriff from Baltimore, in order to take or arrest Martin Kitzmiller and jail him in Baltimore. In the ensuing altercation John Digges’ son, Dudley, was shot. He died a few hours later of his wounds. Charges of murder were brought against Martin Kitzmiller and his son, Jacob, who had allegedly been the one to have pulled the trigger. After the trial and acquittal of the Kitzmillers, an indictment was found against the pretended officer and all concerned with him in the riot.  

Anthony had gone with his gun to the Kitzmiller’s allegedly to get a screw made for his gun. While there he requested liquor of the teetotaling Kitzmillers and had a shooting contest with Henry Digges. Anthony left Pennsylvania shortly after his brush with the law, and quite possibly because of it, and moved to  the Virginia side of the Potomac River in Frederick County, near what later became the town of Mecklenburg. [Mecklenburg later changed its name to Shepherdstown, West Virginia.] This is where we find Anthony in 1755, taking part in Braddock’s ill-fated expedition during the Indian Wars as a member of Richard Morgan’s company. 

Before leaving this unfortunate incident that occurred in Pennsylvania, I want to look at what we can learn about Anthony from the above incident. In order to give some kind of a birthdate to Anthony we will assume that he was at least 16 when this incident occurred.  Now we can give him a tentative birthdate of 1736 or earlier.  But who were his parents? Having seen his father identified as one of a few different Worley men; from Henry, son of Henry or Daniel, another son of Henry, who went to ‘Potomack’ to Brace/Brice/Brassey to Francis II,  it would seem that there is no real proof of who exactly his parents were. That being the case perhaps it would be better to find real associations with other families and other family members through the years and go from there.

Also want to point out that  Anthony Worley seemed to be known to all who gave testimony during the Kitzmiller trial with only Wilmott being identified as a stranger, suggesting that Anthony was from the immediate vicinity, that is, very close to the border area between Pennsylvania and Maryland.

Anthony next settled for a time in Frederick County, Virginia and built a home.  For proof of his service in Braddock’s Campaign we give the following portion of the muster roll of Richard Morgan’s company provided by Danske Dandridge in her book Historic Shepherdstown:
Captain, Richard Morgan.     First Lieutenant, Francis Fossett.     Second Lieutenant, William Ankor.     Third Lieutenant, William Chapline. Benjamin Landor, Jacob Van Metre, William Morgan, Henry Darke, John Cawood, Robert Dillard, Moses Cawood, James Finley, John Lemon, Simeon Turner, Anthony Worley, John Dixon, Daniel Osborn, William Spurgeon, Robert Buckles and others. This muster roll is dated “Nov. 27th, 1755-7.”
 
For proof of his later residence we start with a reference to Anthony Worley in November of 1757, found in the purchase of land by Joseph Chaplin [Chapline] who had come from the area around Washington County, Maryland to Frederick Co. [Va] where he purchased land “near the Potomack R. survey” which is described as being adjacent to Anthony Worley, Edward Lucas, Samuel Tayler, John Tayler, Rich’d Mercer, Jno. Borden and “near an old Waggon road”. Then, in September 1766 Anthony Worley of Frederick Co. [Va] received a grant of 398 acres in said County, adjoining Samuel Taylor, John Carney, Patrick McDaniel, Edward Lucus.  The map below shows the approximate locations of Samuel Taylor’s, Joseph Chapline’s and Anthony Worley’s land.
The Samuel Taylor mentioned in the first deed was one of the earlier settlers in this part of Virginia. His will, written in September 1760 and recorded in Frederick Co., Va., mentions a daughter, Mary Worley but, alas, does not mention the name of her husband.  John Taylor was her brother. Could Anthony have been married to Mary Taylor prior to his marriage to Diana? Or, where there other Worleys in the area of whom we have no knowledge? Samuel Taylor’s daughter Hester married Thomas Morgan and it is said they migrated to Bedford Co., Virginia.
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