Earliests Langstons, Lansdens, etc. in Virginia

I have one Lansdon in my tree and he is from the bunch in Powhatan and surrounding counties, but there is so little about this family or families on the web, that I decided to add what I had picked up. I am grouping it by first name, roughly chronologically, by county or area. [But just because it is the same first name, doesn’t necessarily mean it is the same person!]

The earliest records for this family come from Elizabeth City County, Virginia which no longer exists. It is now part of the independent city of Hampton, Virginia. During this early time frame, however, it was adjacent to Warwick Co., Virginia, both located on the Virginia Peninsula. Warwick County has now been consolidated with the city of Newport News, and so it, too, no longer exists. These modern cities, along with Isle of Wight, York, James City, Surry, Gloucester, and Matthews counties in Virginia, along with Currituck Co., North Carolina, make up what is now officially defined as the Hampton Roads metropolitan area. Keeping that in mind, we see that most of these early records are in the same geographical area of Tidewater Virginia.

Virginia County Records, Vol. VI, Crozier, William Armstrong, ed..
Elizabeth City County Book No. 1. p. 40 1624 Wm. Lansden 100 acres
Elizabeth City County Book No. 1. p. 479 1624 Wm. Lansden 100 acres

This same William Lansden is mentioned below and I believe it refers to the same land. In the book Cavaliers and Pioneers this William Lansden is referred to as a “Yeoman and Old Planter” and it states that the exact year of his coming to Virginia has not been determined.

Wills and Administrations of Elizabeth City County, Virginia 1688-1800. Chapman, Blanche Adams.
p. 128 William Lansden. June 3, 1624. 100 acres on the west side of the Southampton River , within the corp. of Elizabeth City, thence and northward upon a small creek, which divideth it from the land of William Claybourne. Land Book 1, p. 40.
p. 125 William Landsdell is mentioned in 1626, beside Mr. William Claybourne, as having 100 acres of land planted.
p. 134 William Landsden has 100 acres adj. William Claybourne.

Virginia Land Records from the Virginia Magazine of History, the William and Mary Quarterly, and Tyler’s Quarterly
p. 424 3 June 1624 William Claybourne, Gent. Of James City was awarded 150 acres on the west side of Southampton River in Elizabeth City County adjoining the land of William Lansden.

Cavaliers and Pioneers
p. 186 14 Oct 1649 Lieut. William Worleich, 150 acres in Elizabeth City County . . . lyeing at the head of the dividends of Lansden, and Capt. Cleybourne . . .

This is really just a mention of his land, he may or may not still be alive.

American Wills and Administrations, p. 182
Langston, William, of Virginia. Administration to the brother, Henry Langston, during the minority and absence of the children, Anthony, Judith, Francis, and Mary Langston. (Dec. 1659)

The above book deals with the estates of British citizens who died while in America. William Langston was obviously an Englishman of some means who left an estate in England. This raises a few questions: Is this William Langston of Virginia the same man as William Lansden of Elizabeth City County? Is the Anthony Langston mentioned the same person as Capt. Anthony Langston mentioned below? And/Or, is the Anthony Langston mentioned in this will a son of the William Lansden mentioned in Elizabeth City County records or perhaps a brother from England if the entry in Encyc. of Virginia Biography is correct? New Kent County was approximately three-quarters of the way to Richmond up the Virginia Penninsula, maybe 40 to 50 miles from Elizabeth City County. It is entirely possible that Anthony Langston descends from William Lansdon of Elizabeth City County, but I hate making assumptions. So often, I am later proven incorrect.

— JOHN LANGSTON1635-1680
Virginia Land Records from the Virginia Magazine of History, the William and Mary Quarterly, and Tyler’s Quarterly
p. 570 11 June 1635 Thomas Butler, Clarke [Clerk] and Pastor of Denbie, was granted 1000 acres in Warrosquinoake Co. Va for the import of himself and 19 other people including John Langston.

If John was brought to Virginia by Butler, he was most likely was an indentured servant and would have served Butler for seven or nine years to pay for his passage.

Edward Pleasants Valentine Papers, Vol. II
p. 773 Surry County, Va 23 May 1744 Deed from John Langston of Surry Co. 200 acres to Robert Gray, rec’d 19 Dec 1744 DB 4, p. 254

Edward Pleasants Valentine Papers, Vol. II
York County, Va. 15 Nov 1652 John Langston witnessed a deed between Joseph Croshaw to James Turner. Vol. I, p. 60

Edward Pleasants Valentine Papers, Vol. IV
p. 2242 “On March 11, 1672, John Langston had an order of General Court granted him for obtaining patent for 1600 acres of land in New Kent Co. formerly granted to Capt. George Lyddall and by him deserted. John Langston also “deserted” this land before patent was issued him, and the General Court, by order, Oct. 17, 1689, granted same to John Lyddall.

“In June, 1680, John Langston (together with Joseph Ingraham, Gregory Walklett, Thos. Whaley and John Forth) prohibited from ever holding office in the colony have failed of capture and execution with the other adherents of Nathaniel Bacon Jr.

The Virginia magazine of History and Biography, Virginia Historical Society, Vol. XV
p. 320 “Members Of The House Of Burgesses. (From the Original Journals.)
Session Began June 9, 1680. . . New Kent-John Langston (expelled-had taken part in Bacon’s Rebellion), Charles Turner, George Morris. . .” [New Kent County is up the Virginia Peninsula from Elizabeth City County, perhaps 20 miles to the northwest.]

Encyclopedia of Virginia biography, Lyon Gardiner Tyler
p. 274 “Langston, Anthony, formerly ensign in Prince Maurice’s regiment during the [English] civil war. He spent fourteen years in Virginia, and on his return to England was a captain in the naval service. John Langston, who took part with Bacon in 1676, and left descendants in Virginia was probably a near relative.” [Emphasis added.]

Edward Pleasants Valentine Papers, Vol. IV
p. 2242 “Anthony Langston had a patent for land in Gloucester County in 1653 and in New Kent April, 1655. Anthony Langston evidently returned to England for in Jan. 13, 1663, Anthony Langston, formerly ensign in Prince Maurice’s regiment and afterwards 14 years in Virginia, gave information that while in the Dog Tavern on the night of Jan. 12, 1663, a stranger came to him and invited him to engage in some designe (sic) and would tell him more of it if he would go to his house in a day or two (Sainsburg Abstracts, Vol. XV, 1660-1676, p. 42, Virginia State Library, Richmond). This is the last mention we have of Anthony Langston.”

Records of Colonial Gloucester County, Virginia. Vol. I and II; Mason, Polly Cary.
Anthony Langston patented 1303 acres of land in 1653 in Gloucester County.
Gloucester County was formed in 1651. It is located on the Middle Virginia Peninsula just to the North and across the York River from Elizabeth City County.

Cavaliers and Pioneers
p. 279 States that the land belonging to Anthony Lankestone was on the ‘north side of Yorke River’, given for the transport of 26 persons.
p. 312 26 Apr 1655 Anthony Langston, 1000 acres, New Kent Co. on S. side of the freshes of York R. for the transport of 20 persons.
p. 393 20 July 1662 Anthony is referred to as “Capt. Anthony Langston” in a deed of Edmund Machen.

Early Virginia Immigrants, 1623-1666
1653-1655 Mr. Anthony Langston imported at least 17 people into Va.

Early Virginia Families Along the James River: Their Deep and Tangled Branches, Vol. III
p. 75 26 Oct 1699 “Capt. Langston” [Anthony?] mentioned in a deed belonging to William Winston as having adj. land.

Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants. Vol. 3: 1695-1732, Nugent, Nell

p. 92 1704 William Langsdon
This may very well be an early mention of “our” William Lansdon in Virginia. No proof, but we have no other record of him before about 1723 when he appears in the community of Hugenot refugees.

Virtual Jamestown

Servant Name: Mary Langston Agent Name: John J— Occupation: marriner Place of Origin: London
Age: 14 Date of Indenture: July 18 1684 Indenture Length: 6
Witness: An Easter and Elizabeth Beasly
Destination: Virginia
Notes: “Sealed and delivered in the presence of her one mother her father being dead”
Poor little Mary Langston was sent to Virginia by her mother. The alternative must have been much worse.

Edward Pleasants Valentine Papers, Vol. II
All the following are from York Co., Virginia unless otherwise noted. [York County bordered Warwick County]
p. 773 16 Oct 1679 Christopher Langston to give bond with securites for the estate of the orphans of Mr. Woodhouse, DOW etc 6, p. 126
Nov. 24, 1687 Christopher Langston, dec’d. Mentions Eliza. Langston, widow.

*These next couple of entries in this book, which would make them a transcription of a transcription, give the year as 1787 and 1797, yet I believe they may have been transcribed incorrectly. They come directly after the first entry and refer to the above Christopher Langston and his widow Elizabeth and they are from DOW 8. It would be great if someone in that area would check the correctness of the entries.

p. 774 27 Oct 1787 [1687?] Elizabeth -X- Langston appointed adminx. of estate of Christopher Langston. DOW 8, p. 239
24 Feb. 1797/8 [1698/8?] . . . an account of the estate of Widdow Langston from which there appears to be a balance due the orphan 1 pound 12 shillings 3 pence. DOW 10, p. 501

p. 774 16 Nov 1719 Jane a negro belonging to Mathew Langston . . .
18 Sept 1732 Joseph Langston vs. John Hunter, dismissed.
18 Jan 1730 Deed to Mathew Langston from John Eaton DOW 17, p. 135
18 May 1741 Mathew Langston, dec’d. Mentions Mary Langston, wid. of Mathew. Her name is given as Martha in one other place and Margaret in another. DOW 30, p. 18, p. 30, p. 301 On page 30 Samuel Dunn is mentioned as a bondsman – see Warwick Co. Records for more mentions of Samuel Dunn.
p. 775 16 Mar 1746 “Wm. Langston, an infant . . . orphan of Mathew Langston, chose Philip Beleue for guard.
13 Aug 1848, William Langston, Guardian acct of. [I am assuming that this is when he came of age. His brother, Enos, and sister, Sarah, had their accounts done June 1750.]
16 Dec 1751 Wm Langston and Rachel his wife, deed to Charles Miles. DOW 1, p. 502 [Seems Wm married between 1748 & 1751]

So, the children of Mathew mentioned the Valentine Papers in York Co., Va records given as:
1) William,
2) Enos, and
3) Sarah.
It is possible that Margaret md. to Phillip Dedman was a daughter. Philip Dedman was selected by Enos Langston as his guardian and yet William and Margaret Langston [widow] brought suit against Philip Dedman and Margaret his wife in 1749 and 1750. From the below records in Warwick Co., it would seem that he (Mathew) also had a son named
4) Mathew, as evidenced by the will of William who mentions his brother, Mathew.

Warwick Co., Virginia: Colonial Records in Transcription, Richard Dunn
[This county was adjacent to Elizabeth City County and also bordered York.]
p. 374 1752 William Langston appointed surveyor of Persimmon Pond Road . . .
p. 377 4 Jan 1753 William Langston appointed to appraise the estate of Wm. Jones
p. 393 4 July 1754 Samuel Dunn appointed surveyor of Persimon Pond Road in the room of William Langston who is discharged from that office
p. 426 4 Dec 1755 Mathew Langston served on jury – 1st mention of Mathew in this county.
p. 440 3 Jun 1756 James Pattison pltf. against Wm Langston & Edwd Hurst deft Trespass, Assault & Battery
p. 449 William Langston is found guilty of the charges and to pay damages and costs; Hurst found not guilty of the charges
p. 454 7 Oct 1756 William and Mathew Langston to appraise the slaves and estate of Simon Morgan
p. 479 6 Apr 1758 Samuel Dunn, son of Saml Dunn, decd, apprenticed to Mathew Langston
p. 480 6 Apr 1758 Richard Dunn, son of Saml Dunn, decd, apprenticed to Mathew Langston.
p. 500 1 Feb 1759 William Langston appointed guardian of Robert Mckentosh orphan of Robert Mckentosh, dec’d
p. 506 7 Jun 1759 William Langston appointed guardian of John Perkins, orphan of John Perkins, dec’d
p. 536 5 Feb 1761 “Wm Langston and Rachel his wife” to Miles Carey
p. 564 1 April 1762 Indenture of Apprenticeship from William Marrow to Mathew Langston approved by the court and certified.

Wills and Administrations of Elizabeth City County, Virginia 1688-1800. Chapman, Blanche Adams.
p. 50 Langston, William, Leg. – to Sarah Hurst as long as she remains single to bring up her daughter Mary Hurst; at her death or marriage to be divided between my son Thomas Langston and Mary Hurst. Exs. Son Thomas Langston, brother Matthew Langston and William Reade. D. 27 Jan 1773. wit. Ann Reade.

Virginia County Records,Vol. VI, Crozier, William Armstrong, ed..
Norfolk Co. Marriage Bonds (Continued from page 253.)
Marriage Date: 11 Mar 1773
Spouse: Thos. Langston
Spouse: Clotilda Sawyer Jones

Virginia Marriages to 1800 [ancestry.com]
Harrison, Sarah Ann Langton, John 20 Apr 1780 Brunswick County

1782 Warwick Co. Tax List
Matthew Langston

1783 Nansemond Co. Tax List [neighboring Warwick Co.]
Isaac Langston
John Langston

Virginia Marriages to 1800 [ancestry.com]
Langston, Elizabeth Robertson, Henry 11 Oct 1786 Southampton County

Edward Pleasants Valentine Papers, Vol. II
York Co., Va.
p. 776 20 Jun 1785 Sarah Langston, an infant, orphan of Enos, chose Thomas Hunt as her guardian
21 April 1788 Thomas Langston died. “On Tuesday morning, the 21, Thomas Langston died at Suffolk. He was a truly benevolent man, sincere in his friendship, a kind husband, a tender father, and a useful member of society. His numerous acquaintences can bear testimony, that through life he maintained this short and amiable character. Williamsburg, May 8. The Vir. Gaz., May 8, 1788.”
18 Aug 1789 Mary Langston, executrix of Mathew Langston, dec’d [Was Mary his widow?] Mary Langston, dec’d, will written 4 Jun 1790, recorded 15 Dec 1794, proven 16 Feb 1795 – leaves everything to dau Sarah Hunt, mentions son in law John Birdsong Hunt

Virginia Marriages, 1740-1850 [ancestry.com]
Jack Freeman Eliza Lankston 13 Sep 1825 Caroline Co.
John R. M. Freeman Ellen Langston 2 Aug 1838 Caroline Co.

Cavaliers and Pioneers
p. 121 18 Mar 1639 Thomas Lancton was imported to Virginia by William Burdett of Accomack Co.

Early Virginia Immigrants, 1623-1666
1653 Robert Landson imported by Thos. Hawkins, Northumberland Co.

Cavaliers and Pioneers
p. 555 26 Feb 1665 Major Thomas Walker was granted 2350 acres in Gloster (sic) Co. for the transport of 47 persons incld. “An Langston”.
[Note – this book also mentions a Nicholas Lansden “of Northumberland alias Westmoreland Co.” 16 July 1759. – not in the same area of Virginia.]

Encyclopedia of Virginia biography, Lyon Gardiner Tyler
p. 273 “Landon, Thomas, son of Thomas Landon, gentleman, of Credenhill, Herefordshire, England, settled in Middlesex county, about 1688. He had been “eldest groom of his majesty’s buttery” before coming. His brother Silvanus was president of the English company at Baudjarmassingh, India. Thomas Landon died in 1709. His daughter Betty was one of the wives of Colonel Robert Carter, of Corotoman, and was mother of Colonel Landon Carter, of “Sabine Hall,” Richmond county.” [Middlesex County is also located on the Middle Peninsula of Virginia. Settlement in the area began about 1640. It was officially made a county in 1669, formed from Lancaster County, Virginia. Lancaster County having been formed in 1651 from York and Northumberland Counties.]

Isle of Wight, Virginia Land Patent Book 10 1710-1719
p. 142 To Mary Murfrey of Isle of Wight County, 130 acres on so. si. Blackwater Swamp on e. si. Cedar Swamp, adjoining Robert Carr, the Indian Branch, for the importation of three persons, Matthew Benham, Catherine Langsdon and Stephen Caukeritt. Dated 10 Jun 1714. Signed- A. Spotswood, Lt. Governor

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5 Responses to Earliests Langstons, Lansdens, etc. in Virginia

  1. Great items from you, man. I’ve take into account your stuff prior to and you’re simply too great. I really like what you’ve received right here, really like what you’re saying and the way through which you say it. You are making it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it smart. I can’t wait to learn much more from you. This is really a terrific website.

  2. Hi,
    My name is William Langston Jr. and from what I understand I am related to Capt. Anthony Langston. I am tracing my family name.

  3. April Judy says:

    I have an Elizabeth Lanston, born – 1432 in my family tree but have not found her parents.

  4. Robert Manis says:

    Thank you for your excellent research and well documented findings. I very much enjoy the process of unraveling family mysteries and basing conclusion on facts and not just mere conjecture.
    I am a descendant of William Langsdon and Sarah ? through their daughter Paulina who married William Mead Eaves in Jefferson County, Kentucky on 25 January 1851. I initially thought this was William Thomas Langston and Sarah Combs, but they had only two children (William Thomas Langston, Jr. and Florinda Langsdon.)
    My William Langsdon and Sarah had at least five children:
    Melissa b. 1830 who married George W. Lilliard in Jefferson County, Kentucky, Elizabeth b. 1835, Phebe b. 1837, Paulina (Pelena) b. 1837 who married William Mead Eaves, and Sarah J. b. 1842.
    William and family can be found in the 1830, 1840 and 1850 censuses of Jefferson County, Kentucky (with the full listing of the family in the 1850 census).
    William and Paulina (Pelana) Langston Eaves and George W. and Melissa Langston Lilliard can be found in the 1860 census of Daviess County living next door to one another. Sarah Langsdon, their younger sister, is also living with William and Paulina Eaves in this census.

    If you have any information about this particular line, I would greatly appreciate hearing from you. I will be glad to share with you my research and documentation. Thanks.
    Robert Manis

  5. David Langston says:

    I’m David Barnes Langston, Jr. I’m a descendant of Timothy Langston who served in the Revolutionary War. Most all of my people are buried on Holy Neck Cemetery in Suffolk (formerly Nansemond Co.), Virginia. I’ve been trying to find out who Timothy’s parents were.

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